Architectural Design: Conception and Specification of Interactive Systems

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Program Overview

Architectural model maintenance work is especially vital to ensure that architectural models will survive for the enjoyment of future visitors.

Knowing architectural models maintenance techniques like how to transit, display and store models will add a certain number of years to the life of the models. Before making the model maintenance plan and starting the maintenance works, the following questions need to be taken into consideration. The following sections introduce several model maintenance tips which can help to carry on the architectural model maintenance works.

Changes in temperature, pollution and the humidity of the environment will affect the use time of the architectural models.

Generally, the environment of the exhibit areas is affected by air ventilation systems, heating equipments, solar radiation and the number of visitors. Create a stable and properly controlled environment of the exhibition hall is critical to the long-term maintenance procedure of architectural models. Because architectural models are made of different materials which can withstand varies of temperatures, a steady temperature around 5 to 35 degrees is recommended. Avoid placing architectural models near fireplaces and smoking areas, or overexposing to the sun can reduce the negative effects of high temperature.

General housekeeping activities like cleaning the windows, floors, especially the architectural model display stand and showcase can reduce the air pollutants. Keep an appropriate temperature and relative humidity levels can reduce the pest activity and mold growth. The lights of architectural models can improve the display effect of the models. For the fluorescent lights, install UV filters on the bulbs can help to reduce the amount of UV exposure. With the development of modern high technology, interactive architectural models which controlled by computer or remote control is becoming more and more popular.

In order to extend the usage life of architectural models, not only the model itself, but also the control devices need safe keeping. Considering the vulnerability of architectural models, it is necessary to have additional security measures to protect the models. In some cases, model items like figure, tree, vehicle and furniture are missing during exhibition. Cleaning job is especially important when architectural projects are taking longer and the model is in need of presentation for a long time.

The architectural model surface can be cleaned with a clean towel, sponge and soft brushes to removes loose dirt and dust.


Architectural model needs proper conservation, so that the models will remain in good condition for future exhibition. And under some circumstances, architectural models will be collected as important exhibition collections. The following are some architectural model conservation techniques which may ensure the desired safety and stability of the models. The model storage area should be separated from the exhibit or working areas. And it should be used to house architectural models only. This area should have a constant environment where temperature and humidity levels are kept at recommended levels.

Architectural model which requires long time conservation can be covered with acrylic or glass cover with an air tight seal. These storage units should be able to protect the architectural models from sun fading, water damage, dust and pollutants accumulation and insect damage. For the models only needs temporary preservation or models that cannot have a physical cover, use tissue paper, plastic film and fabric to cover will be a good choice. Avoid placing architectural models on the ground to protect against unexpected risks like water damage.

Similarly, do not put models close to windows, pipeline, mechanical and electrical equipment to avoid external damage. The replacement of missing items and repair work help to make sure that architectural model can survive for a longer time.

How to Find Architectural Ideas

In most cases, model making company always employs specialist who has vast experience in different fields in architectural model repair service. Missing architectural model items can be remanufactured by traditional hand craftsmanship together with high-tech model making approaches such as 3D laser cutting.


Specialist model packing, handling and transiting approaches during movement are listed as follows. Carrier personnel with rich experience in lifting, supporting and handling architectural models are required. Sometimes, vehicles equipped with shock absorption, temperature control and humidity control device are also in need if necessary. If the models need to be transited by rail, shock resistant and sturdy cases which can withstand wide climatic variations are required.

Architectural Models: The Ultimate Guide | RJ Models

Anti-vibration packing case can help to reduce the risk of model breakages while transiting. For example, it is necessary for the porters to wear gloves to avoid deposition of hand oils on the model surface. Use additional assistance or support underneath when handling heavy or large architectural models. Architectural models can be transited via air, road and rail, sea, or various combinations according to specific circumstances.

Choose a most appropriate mode of transport to keep the balance between expense and conservation. For instance, small architectural models can be transited in passenger cars when need to be transited in short distance. To summarize, set up an appropriate maintenance schedule to keep the architectural model in great condition is very important. The model maintenance measure varies from model to model according to the use and the condition of different architectural models.

The primary purpose of architectural model maintenance is to ensure that the models are stored or displayed in a suitable environment which will not cause them to deteriorate. In addition, packing, moving, handling, general awareness of physical care of the architectural models are equally important when architectural model maintenance work is carried on. A good photograph helps smooth the progress, while poorly taken photos can mislead the audience thus preventing them from seeing the real quality of the scale model.

It touches on lighting, viewpoints, and the areas that need attention. Listed below are the equipment frequently used in architectural model photography. This means that the camera will adjust the aperture, the shutter speed, and the ISO automatically for you. This is because the point of focus set with automatic focus may not be your expected focal point. This will ensure a clear picture. After these, if you wish to improve your photography techniques further, you need to understand the relationship between aperture, shutter speed, and ISO and how a change in one of these elements necessitates a change in the others.

System Analysis and Design, Fifth Edition by Roberta M. Roth, Barbara Haley Wixom, Alan Dennis

Then practice with different numerical values to achieve the desired visual effects you want to express through your photo. In digital SLR photography, there is often a need to change lens, and in architectural photography, the most common lens to use is the wide angle lens, so we suggest you equip yourself with one. A remote shutter release is an accessory that controls the camera shutter release without the need to touch the release button on the camera.

The remote shutter release stops the camera shaking caused by pressing the button during a long exposure and prevents a blurry photograph. There are many different types of memory cards, but the most common one is an SD card, and in a digital camera, CF Compact Flash is often used. Memory cards come in an array of different storage capacities.

As the photo resolution of the camera increases, the volume of data increases too. Since the price of a memory card is steadily decreasing, we highly recommend getting a memory card with at least 1GB storage capacity. A laptop frequently comes with a built-in memory card reader CF card while desktop computers do not. If the camera is held manually, it can cause the camera to shake, as it is unlikely that our hands can keep still and give us a sharp picture.

Hence, a tripod is an indispensable tool to prevent camera shakes during long exposures as it keeps the camera still. This is the screen used as a background during photography. In architectural model photography, we usually use a black, blue or grey backdrop. If you use a proper photography background screen or cloth, light reflection is lessened and, compared to paper where seams may show up, the screen is wider, providing a seamless background.

You can fix the backdrop to a wall using drafting tape, but a more convenient and practical option is to invest in a backdrop stand. Lighting equipment is a must-have in indoor photography, and there is a large variety of lighting equipment available in the market. A soft box is made up of a black exterior cloth that prevents light reflecting back into the room, a translucent fabric to diffuse the light, a wire frame, and a light source.

There are many other types of lighting equipment to choose from, and the kind of lighting equipment to use depends on the type of photo you want to take. When the light hits the reflector, it bounces off and redirects onto the model, further softening the light source. The light reflector can be replaced with a polystyrene foam board or foam paper. For practicality and convenience during use, we recommend investing in a light reflector stand. This way, we are not restricting the positioning of the reflector.

The easiest way to resolve the lighting issue with photography is to do your photo shoot outdoor where there is an abundance of natural light. On the early morning or dusk of a cloudless sunny day, the position of the sun is low, attaining high contrast lighting, rendering a perfect shadow effect on the architectural model. You can rotate the position of the architectural model and through the camera lens observe and experiment the different shadow effect on the model. In doing so, we eliminate all other unrelated objects from the photo and the sky is used as the background for the photo.

The scene created in a photo will appear unnatural to an audience if an architectural model cast too many shadows.

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During architectural model photography, we usually take a few photos of the entire model including the front view and back view, and in daylight or as a night scene.

Architectural Design: Conception and Specification of Interactive Systems Architectural Design: Conception and Specification of Interactive Systems
Architectural Design: Conception and Specification of Interactive Systems Architectural Design: Conception and Specification of Interactive Systems
Architectural Design: Conception and Specification of Interactive Systems Architectural Design: Conception and Specification of Interactive Systems
Architectural Design: Conception and Specification of Interactive Systems Architectural Design: Conception and Specification of Interactive Systems
Architectural Design: Conception and Specification of Interactive Systems Architectural Design: Conception and Specification of Interactive Systems

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