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By , the fighting in Europe has led to some changes in the political status quo. The major powers - Britain, France and Austria are pretty much the same as before. But in Italy, the French puppet state of the Italian Republic has been created as a result of Napoleon's victories there.
By the map of Europe reflects the enormous changes wrought by Napoleon's campaigns in Europe and the political re-alignment that followed. Poland has been wrested from Prussia and Russia and re-established as an independent country after years of foreign occupation.
International Relations in the Napoleonic Era: The Long View
The Papal states have been annexed by Italy and the Italian Republic has expanded in the north. The boundaries of Austria had changed significantly. There has also been a re-alignment of the German states. The map of Europe reflects the waning of French power. The Italian Republic is gone and France has lost much of its German possessions as well as territory in northern Italy.
Napoleon’s Education and Early Military Career
Sweden has absorbed Norway. Poland has been carved up between Prussia and Russia. Austria has gained territory especially in Northern Italy. Germany is once again fragmented among small states, but Prussia has survived and in less than 50 years will united Germany under its empire and eclipse the fading empire of Austria. France has been diminished territorially and has the shape that it will have until its disastrous war with Germany in , when even more of its territory will be lost.
Toggle navigation Napoleon Bonaparte. Thus, Napoleon spread the ideas of the French Revolution even beyond the boundaries of his vast empire. Napoleon's regime also helped mobilize nationalist movements.
Napoleonic Wars - Savas Beatie
In reacting to their French overlords, some previously disunited linguistic-ethnic groups saw reason to organize. In opposing France, these groups built up nationalist movements, most notably in Germany.
Germany even reacted intellectually, starting to champion Romanticism, a school of thought opposed to the French Enlightenment Rationalism Napoleon was spreading. Interestingly, the Napoleonic Wars fueled the energies of both liberal and conservative opponents: in Spain, a bloody Peninsular War was fought by guerillas who wanted to return a Bourbon to the throne; in Germany people complained that they wanted more self-rule. The Napoleonic period was an extremely complicated time. Moral right and wrong are hard to distinguish: Napoleon was a dictator, but not a particularly evil one.
He encouraged many developments we today consider quite positive. The Napoleonic Wars were instigated by France, but each nation fought to protect and expand its own national interest.http://minkanews.com/core/elf-coupon/4840-coupon-litorale.php
Napoleon’s Rise & Fall: Illustrated Timeline
The wars were punctuated by constantly shifting alliances. Sometimes Prussia fought France, and sometimes it was neutral. Austria, led by the crafty Metternich, tried to improve relations with France towards the end the Napoleonic era. Russia initially opposed Napoleon, then sided with him, and then turned against him again.
The only constant through the fifteen years of Napoleon's rule was the continued enmity between England and France. Instead of a war between irreconcilable values, the Napoleonic Wars were fought with essentially the same motivation driving all sides: greed. The period was typified by "Realism" in diplomacy and war, for all sides were simply trying to win whatever advantages they could. If anyone won the Napoleonic Wars, it was Britain.
Britain emerged in as a commercial powerhouse with the world's preeminent navy and a large colonial network. British industry might have provoked working-class rebellion if not for the national unity having an enemy like Napoleon provided. Blaming the hard lives of the working class on Napoleon's war mongering, Britain made it through a critical and dangerous time of its young Industrial Revolution. The quagmire Napoleon had made of Europe was cleaned up, as much as it could be, by the Congress of Vienna The resultant agreement from the two years of deliberation was undoubtedly one of the most important and complicated treaties in human history.
The international order that the Congress designed was balanced enough that future rising powers could be stopped by coalitions of other powers. This made Europe fairly stable for the next century, but it also protected conservative regimes.
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